There are multiple causes of elevated seminal leukocytes (esl) including infectious etiologies like genital-urinary infection and non-infectious etiologies including exposure to environmental toxins, man-made products during intercourse, tobacco products, alcohol and certain medications. Patients and controls provided a written informed consent before inclusion in this study. Bacterial identification methods performed in previous studies were either pcr-based or culture methods and, to date, a comprehensive understanding of bacterial communities in semen is still lacking. Com is for educational use only.
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We investigated the occurrence of non-specific bacteria and quality/quantity of semen of infertile and fertile control groups in nigeria. Isolates of three bacterial species were investigated: